SDG 12 · Indicator

Production-based nitrogen emissions


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SDG achieved

Challenges remain

Significant challenges remain

Major challenges remain

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Reactive nitrogen emitted during the production of commodities, which are then either exported or consumed domestically. Reactive nitrogen corresponds to emissions of ammonia, nitrogen oxides and nitrous oxide to the atmosphere, and of reactive nitrogen potentially exportable to water bodies, all of which can be harmful to human health and the environment.

Long-Term Objective

The long-term objective for this indicator is a value of .


Oita et al. (2016)

Production-based nitrogen emissions