SDG 12 · Indicator

Production-based SO2 emissions


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Ratings provide a visual representation of a country’s performance on the indicator.


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SDG achieved

Challenges remain

Significant challenges remain

Major challenges remain

Information unavailable


SO2 emissions associated with the production of goods and services, which are then either exported or consumed domestically. The health impacts of outdoor air pollution are felt locally as well as in neighbouring regions, due to transboundary atmospheric transport of the pollutants.

Long-Term Objective

The long-term objective for this indicator is a value of .


Zhang et. al. (2017)

Production-based SO2 emissions