SDG 12 · Indicator

SO₂ emissions embodied in imports


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SDG achieved

Challenges remain

Significant challenges remain

Major challenges remain

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Net imports of SO2 emissions associated with the trade in goods and services. These have severe health impacts and are a significant cause of premature mortality worldwide. Trade in goods mean that health impacts of air pollution occur far away from the point of consumption.

Long-Term Objective

The long-term objective for this indicator is a value of .


Zhang et. al. (2017)

SO₂ emissions embodied in imports